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  • Writer's pictureStefan Cvijetan

Unlocking the Secrets of the Knee: Anatomy, Function, and Common Injuries

Updated: Jun 8, 2023


The knee joint is a complex hinge joint that connects the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia) and allows for movement and stability in the lower leg.


The muscles surrounding the knee joint, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles, play a crucial role in supporting and stabilizing the knee during movement and activity.


The knee joint receives innervation from several nerves, including the femoral nerve, tibial nerve, and common fibular nerve, which provide sensory and motor function to the muscles and skin surrounding the knee.


The knee joint is supplied with blood by several arteries, including the popliteal artery, which provides oxygen and nutrients to the bones, muscles, and other tissues of the knee.

The lymphatic vessels at the knee play an important role in draining excess fluid and waste products from the knee joint and surrounding tissues, helping to maintain a healthy and balanced environment for optimal joint function.


The knee joint is drained by a network of small channels and vessels that help to remove excess fluid and waste products, preventing swelling and maintaining proper joint function.

Now knee pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, arthritis, and other medical conditions, and can significantly impact daily activities and quality of life. Seeking proper diagnosis and treatment is important for managing knee pain and preventing further damage.


With this in mind Osteopaths attempt to collectively understand and utilize knowledge surrounding all the finite structures surrounding a structure be it Muscle, Nerve, Vasculature or Lymphatics by better integrating the soft and hard tissues around a site of dysfunction.


An osteopath can help diagnose and treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including knee pain, by using hands-on techniques to improve joint mobility, reduce inflammation, and promote healing, helping patients to achieve optimal health and wellness. You're in safe hands.



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